Article Summary: "Sixth grade math concepts
have a very broad range of mathematics topics. However, these are the math
concepts that students should understand by the end of the sixth grade.
All of these mathematical concepts are used to develop a well rounded base
knowledge of mathematical ideas and language as students' progress to higher
levels of mathematics."
Sixth grade math concepts have a very broad range of mathematics topics. However, these are the math concepts that students should understand by the end of the sixth grade based on the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics Standards.
When it comes to Numbers and Operations concepts, these are the concepts that students study in sixth grade. Students study fractions, decimals, and percents. They use these concepts to solve problems, word problems, and be able to properly place them on a number line. They learn how to apply and use percents that are greater than 100 and less than 1. The understanding of fractions is critical to their ability to take higher levels of math in upper middle school.
Another area of numbers and operations they study is the use of factors, multiples, prime numbers to solve problems and word problems. They continue their preparation in elementary algebra by using and apply the distributive property and commutative property in addition and multiplication. Then they apply the associative property in addition and multiplication. Their studies continue in the area of square roots of numbers as they apply to the inverse relationships of addition and subtraction.
In the area of Geometry concepts sixth grade students develop an understanding of two and three dimensional objects, such as: squares, rectangles, cones, spheres, cylinders, etc. They also study polygons as they relate to lines that are parallel and perpendicular. Additional areas of geometry and shapes are the focus on transformations and symmetry of shapes as they are flipped, rotated, and turned.
Students also learn how to find the area and volume of objects, using mathematical formulas. These include squares, prisms, rectangles, cones, circles, spheres, cylinders, etc. They also spend time learning how to apply geometric shapes to real world applications, along with connections to of content subject areas.
The concept area of Measurement is focused on the using standard and non-standard units of measurement to determine the relationships between different objects. This is also connected with geometry as they learn how to measure the area, volume, and mass of different geometric shapes. They learn how to measure all aspects of circles, prisms, and pyramids.
In the concept area of Data Analysis and Probability, students use appropriate language to explain findings of experiments and simulations. They learn how to develop questions that will help them find the differences between tow samples in a population.
When it comes to Problem Solving, students develop problem solving strategies to help them develop a fundamental understanding of mathematics. Students use word problems and other real world simulations in problems solving situations.
In the concept are of Representation, students learn to collect and organize data. Then use the data to solve problems. Answers are presented as models that are physical and social. They use the data to draw graphs, charts, tables, and other forms to explain how they solved a problem.
For Connection concepts students learn to make connections to real world applications and other subject content areas. This includes making connections with other concepts in mathematics.
Students learn to Communicate their mathematics ideas in the form of sentences, drawings, posters, and multimedia applications. This is used to ascertain their level of understanding as they explain mathematical concepts to other students and teachers.
Students use logical Reasoning and Proof to explain their mathematical findings and problem solving techniques. This concept is also used to as method for students' to defend the answers they arrive at during calculations. This concept is used to improve mental math skills and connections with other math concepts areas.
All of these mathematical concepts are used to develop a well rounded base knowledge of mathematical ideas and language as students' progress to higher levels of mathematics.