What is Multiplication?
One of the basic four operations in arithmetic. Multiplication is just another of adding more to a number. The basic idea that lies behind multiplication is repeating the addition process. For example; 5 x 3 = 15, or 5 + 5 + 5= 15. But the idea goes multiplying whole numbers.
For example, we can multiply fractions as well. 5 x 3(1/2), which is also equal to adding 5 thrice and then adding half of 5. The operation is denoted by multiplication sign, which can be anything from among (a cross (x) or a dot (.) or also denoted by of).
When we multiply two numbers, the number we get is called the product of the two numbers. The number which is being multiplied is called the 'multiplier,' and the number that is multiplying the first number is called the ‘multiplicand.’ The same goes for elements in the groups being multiplied.
In the following example, 5 x 3, 5 is the multiplier, and three is called the multiplicand. We can also use the number line for multiplication. This means that there is more than one way of doing it. Hence you can work with any method you like until the answer is appropriate.